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Nuclear Security Summit Commits To Mitigate Threat Of Nuclear Terrorism

World leaders attending the Nuclear Security Summit in the South Korean capital Seoul have issued a joint communique renewing their commitment to work toward strengthening nuclear security, reducing the threat of nuclear terrorism, and preventing unauthorized acquisition of nuclear materials.

The Seoul Communique, issued at the closing session of the summit on Tuesday, particularly noted the essential role of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in facilitating international cooperation and supporting the efforts of countries to fulfill their nuclear security responsibilities.

The communique also noted the relationship between nuclear security and nuclear safety, as demonstrated by the nuclear accident at a power plant in Japan's Fukushima in March 2011, and called for sustained efforts to globally address these tandem issues in a coherent manner that would help ensure the safe and secure peaceful uses of nuclear energy.

The 2012 Nuclear Security Summit Communique recognized and expressed support for a number of IAEA programs and initiatives.

The Communique recognized the importance of multilateral instruments that address nuclear security, such as the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM).

The Seoul Communique reaffirmed "the essential responsibility and central role of the IAEA in strengthening the international nuclear security framework, and recognize the value of the IAEA Nuclear Security Plan 2010-2013". It encouraged States and the nuclear industry to increase voluntary contributions to the IAEA's Nuclear Security Fund, and encourage its activities to assist national efforts to establish and enhance nuclear security infrastructure through its various support programs.

It also commits "to work closely with the IAEA to encourage cooperation on advanced technologies and systems, share best practices on the management of radioactive sources, and provide technical assistance to States upon their request."

The Communique affirmed that nuclear security and nuclear safety measures should be designed, implemented and managed in nuclear facilities in a coherent and synergistic manner.

The Summit encouraged action-oriented coordination among national capacities to combat illicit trafficking, consistent with national laws and regulations. It also "encouraged States to participate in the IAEA Illicit Trafficking Database program and to provide necessary information relating to nuclear and other radioactive materials outside of regulatory control."

by RTTNews Staff Writer

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