3D mammography may be significantly better at finding breast cancer than traditional mammograms, according to research presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America. Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania discovered 22 percent more breast cancers in a large screening at the University hospital.
Adolescent women who consume diets high in fat may be putting themselves at a higher risk for breast cancer later in life, according to research conducted at Michigan State University. The study, published in the journal Breast Cancer Research, was conducted on mice who were given high fat diets. Just three weeks after the dietary change, the mice began to show changes in the breast.
The drug furamidine - commonly used to treat parasitic infections like malaria - may be useful in the treatment of cancers and immune-related diseases, according to researchers at Washington State University and Georgia State. The findings, published in the Nucleic Acids Research journal, focused on the ability of modified furamidine to affect certain human proteins.
Tumors with low levels of oxygen - hypoxia - respond less well to radiation therapy, prompting researchers to look into ways of measuring oxidation levels of tumors before radiotherapy. A team at the University of Manchester attempted to boost levels of oxygen with two agents: nicotinamide and carbogen.
The FDA has officially approved the new drug Imbruvica (ibrutinib) to treat mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). The condition is an aggressive form of blood cancer, and the new drug works by inhibiting enzymes needed by the cancer to spread. The approval comes after a recent round of testing in which 111 patients with MCL took the drug daily and 66 percent of them saw their caner shrink significantly.
Zebrafish may be more effective for identifying self-renewing tumor stem cells [TICs] in prostate cancer than traditional experimental models, according to research conducted at Rutgers Cancer Institute. The study, published in the journal, the Prostate, analyzed prostate cancer samples from patients diagnosed with the disease between 2008 and 2012 at the Institute.
Women who are clinically obese may be at a greater risk for tumor and cancer cell growth when diagnosed with breast cancer, according to researchers from Tulane University. Researchers examined fat cells from both obese and non-obese women. The cells were grown in a lab from stems cells donated by the participants and were injected into the mammary glands of mice with breast cancer.
Teens and young adults who receive positive cancer diagnoses may be more likely to commit suicide, according to research conducted by the Karolinska Institute in Sweden. The study, published in the Annals of Oncology, surveyed data on nearly 8 million Swedes (aged 15 and older) between 1987 and 2009.
Twins who smoke show greater signs of aging than their identical counterparts who do not smoke, according to research at Western Reserve University and University Hospitals of Cleveland. The study, published in the journal Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, included 79 pairs of identical twins, of which one was a smoker and one was not.
New York City will make it more difficult for young people to purchase cigarettes, raising the legal age from 18 to 21. The city's council voted 35 to 10 to modify its law, making it the first city in the United States in which it's illegal to buy smokes before your 21st birthday. Mayor Michael Bloomberg previously said he would sign the bill should it pass in the council.
A new biomarker has been discovered that could aid in the treatment of melanoma, according to researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center and Harvard Medical School. The marker is a variation in the BRAF gene that could indicate whether a targeted treatment for the gene will be effective.
Those who use the internet are more likely to get screened for colorectal cancer than those who do not, according to research conducted at University College London. The study, published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, used data collected on 5,943 respondents to the English Longitudinal Study of Aging.
Coffee consumption lowers the risk of the most common type of liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma, HCC) by 40 percent, according to research conducted at an Italian university. The study, published in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, was based on a survey of 16 previous studies. Chronic infections with hepatitis B and C are the main causes of liver cancer, research has shown.
Current screening procedures could miss up to 10 percent of colorectal cancers, according to research conducted at the Huntsman Cancer Institute (HCI). The study, published in the journal Cancer, found that those with a family history of colon polyps may be at risk. "The biggest surprise was the percentage of missed cancers under the current guidelines," said study author Dr. N. Jewel Samadder.