Cancer

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breastfeeding-093014.jpg Black mothers who choose to not breastfeed may be at a higher risk of breast cancer than those who do, according to research conducted at Boston University's Slone Epidemiology Center. The study, published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, surveyed data on nearly 3,700 black breast cancer patients.

chokeberry-091914.jpg The extract of a wild berry native to North America may strengthen the effectiveness of a chemotherapy drug commonly used to treat pancreatic cancer, according to a new study. Research, published online in the Journal of Clinical Pathology, suggests that adding nutraceuticals to chemotherapy cycles may improve the effectiveness of conventional drugs, particularly in hard to treat cancers.

diaebtes-091014.jpg Prediabetes increases the risk of cancer by 15 percent, according to research conducted at the First People's Hospital of Shunde, China. The meta-analysis, published in the journal Diabetologia, looked at 16 studies, surveying nearly 900,000 people. The team found the greatest link in cancers that occur in the liver, stomach, pancreas, breast and endometrium.

kidney-012513.jpg Thyroid and kidney cancer rates are on the rise in U.S. kids, according to research conducted by the CDC. The study, published in the journal Pediatrics, found that from 2001-2009 there were about 120,000 new cancer diagnoses among infants and children aged 1-19. One particular type of kidney cancer - renal carcinoma - saw an average increase of 5.4 percent per year over the past ten years.

MelanomaTreatment-070113.jpg The FDA has approved Keytruda, a drug manufactured by Merk & Co. Inc. to treat patients with advanced stages of melanoma. Keytruda was tested on 600 patients with advanced forms of melanoma with the majority showing significant improvement. "Keytruda is the sixth new melanoma treatment approved since 2011, a result of promising advances in melanoma research," says the FDA's Dr. Richard Pazdur.

badge-090414.jpg A new device that takes mammograms, that will produce both two-dimensional and three-dimensional images to help medical care providers in screening for and diagnosing breast cancer, has been approved by the FDA. The device, named the SenoClaire, was approved with restrictions the FDA placed to offer a reasonable assurance of the safety and efficiency of the new mammogram device.

tomato-082814.jpg A diet rich in tomatoes may reduce the likelihood of contracting prostate cancer, according to research conducted at the Universities of Bristol, Cambridge and Oxford. The study, published in the journal Cancer Epidemiology, found that men who eat more than ten portions of tomatoes each week have an 18 percent lower risk of developing the disease.

The World Health Organization [WHO] has called for a ban on the indoor use of electronic cigarettes. The health agency also suggested a ban on the advertising of e-cigs to minors, as well as further regulation of the industry. According to the WHO, e-cig vapor may increase background air levels of nicotine and other toxins.

cigarette-080113.jpg People who use reduced-nicotine cigarettes don't necessarily smoke more to make up for the lower levels of nicotine, according to a new study. The month-long study, published in the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, included a total of 72 adult smokers, aged 18 to 65, who smoked regular cigarettes with nicotine emission levels of 1.2 milligrams (mg) each for one week.

sunscreen-101613.jpg Fewer U.S. teenagers are using sunscreen, a new study has shown. The study, conducted by researchers at William Paterson University in New Jersey, published Thursday in the publication Preventing Chronic Disease, found that the percentage of high school students using sunscreen dropped from 67.7 percent in 2001 to 56.1 percent in 2011.