Diet & Fitness

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soccer-093014.jpg Afterschool exercise programs for elementary school children may help increase thinking ability and fitness, according to research conducted at the University of Illinois. The study, published in the journal Pediatrics, collected data on 221 kids (aged 7-9), who participated in a nine-month afterschool exercise program called FITKids.

MandM-092214.jpg Mars Inc. has announced a nationwide recall on its 3.4 oz. theater-sized M&Ms box. Certain boxes advertised as milk chocolate candy may contain the brand's Peanut Butter M&Ms instead. In a statement, Mars noted that the mislabeling may pose a threat to some. "People who have allergies to peanuts run the risk of serious or life-threatening allergic reaction if their theater box . . ."

artificialsweetner-091914.jpg Routine use of artificial sweeteners may be linked with increased diabetes risk, according to a new study from researchers at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel. For the study the researchers conducted experiments on the gut microbes found in both humans and mice. They examined the effects of artificial sweeteners including aspartame, sucralose and saccharine.

health-091714.jpg Consuming increased levels of high-fat dairy may help ward off diabetes risk, according to a new study from researchers at Lund University Diabetes Center in Sweden. For the study the researchers reviewed health records of 26,930 patients. They found that those who reported consuming at least one ounce or more of cream a day were 15 percent less likely to develop type 2 diabetes.

velo-071114.jpg Those who walk, cycle or commute to work self-report higher levels of well-being than those who drive, according to research conducted at UEA's Norwich Medical School. The study, published in the journal Preventative Medicine, surveyed data on nearly 18,000 British commuters. "One surprising finding was that commuters reported feeling better when travelling by public transport . . ."

Fatshaming-091114.jpg Fat shaming, or the harassing of overweight people, can actually make the obesity problem worse, a new study has found. Researchers at University College London asked 3,000 people if they had ever faced discrimination on the basis of their weight. Of those respondents, 5 percent said they had experienced discrimination, less respect, poor service at retail outlets.

Vitamins-050812_12Sep12.jpg Low doses of fish oil may help reduce the number of seizures experienced by those with epilepsy that no longer respond to drugs, according to research conducted at the University of California. The study, published in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, surveyed 24 people with epilepsy that could not be treated with traditional drugs.

Racewalking-110613.jpg Taking a five-minute walk for each hour spent sitting may reverse damage to leg arteries and reduce the risk of heart disease, according to research conducted at Indiana University. The study, published in the journal Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, surveyed data on 11 healthy men ages 20-35, who sat for three hours without moving their legs.

fruits-090414.jpg Eating fruit every day lowers the risk of getting heart and stroke problems by up to 40 percent, a new study suggests. The study, published in the European Heart Journal, found that the more fruit people ate, the more their risk of getting cardiovascular disease declined, and their blood pressure was lowered. Findings are based on a study of 451,682 people enrolled in a health study in China.

tomato-082814.jpg A diet rich in tomatoes may reduce the likelihood of contracting prostate cancer, according to research conducted at the Universities of Bristol, Cambridge and Oxford. The study, published in the journal Cancer Epidemiology, found that men who eat more than ten portions of tomatoes each week have an 18 percent lower risk of developing the disease.

Foodallergies-082714.jpg The bacteria Clostridia, found in the gut, may help prevent common food allergies, according to research conducted at University of Chicago. The animal study, published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, exposed two groups of mice to allergens from peanuts. One group was raised in sterile conditions so that they had no microbes inside them.

breakfast-081413.jpg Eating breakfast - long called the day's most important meal - may not be all it's cracked up to be, according to research conducted at the University of Bath. The study, published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, surveyed data on 33 men and women of healthy weight. One group ate a 700 calorie breakfast, while the second skipped it.

pregnant-090613.jpg Pregnant women are being advised to avoid eating tuna due to concerns about mercury exposure, according to a new review of seafood safety by Consumer Reports. According to the report, which appears in the October issue of Consumer Reports magazine, adults who eat 24 ounces (1.5 pounds) or more of seafood per week should also avoid seafood with high mercury levels, including sushi made with tuna.