The use of a low glycemic index diet may not be linked with improved metabolism, according to a new study from researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health. For the study the researchers enrolled 163 overweight adults into one of four different groups for a customized diet. Those who followed a low-glycemic index, low-carbohydrate diet didn't show any specific metabolic improvements.
Chain restaurants will be required to post the calories of their alcoholic drinks by November 2015. The new rules, set up by the Food and Drug Administration, require chain restaurants with 20 or more outlets to list the number of calories each alcoholic drink, including craft beer, has on its menu.
The average global life expectancy has increased by about six years to 71.5 in the last two decades. The study, which was published in The Lancet, found that deaths from cancer (down by 15 percent) and cardiovascular disease (down by 22 percent) and deaths from diarrhea and neonatal complications have declined.
Exposure to smog during pregnancy has been linked to a higher risk of autism in children, a new study suggests. Researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health tracked 1,800 women who gave birth between 1990 and 2002, charting their exposure to air pollution during pregnancy. The study's results are published in the Environmental Health Perspectives journal.
Those who practice yoga may be at a decreased risk of heart disease, according to a new study from researchers at Erasmus University Medical Centre in Rotterdam. For the study the researchers examined records from 37 trials including 2,768 adults across Europe. They found that those who practiced yoga regularly were on average 2.75kg lighter than those who did not.
The use of tanning beds may be linked with thousands of emergency room visits across the country each year, according to a new study from researchers in the Division of Cancer Prevention and Control's Epidemiology and Applied Research Branch at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. A new report from the CDC suggests that last year as many as 3,324 adults visited ERs nationwide.
Teen marijuana use may be decreasing nationwide as more states legalize the drug for both medical and recreational use, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Michigan and the National Institutes on Drug Abuse. For the study the researchers took a poll of 40,000 8th-graders, 10th-graders and 12th-graders.
The FDA has issued approval on a new blood test that can help predict heart disease risk. The new test, called PLAC Test for Lp-PLA2, has been approved for use in both men and women who have no previous history of heart disease. The new test uses blood analysis to look for Lp-PLA2 (lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2), an enzyme that is indicative of pulmonary inflammation.
Antisocial behavior may be genetic, but some forms may also be triggered by environment, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Montreal and Uppsala University in Sweden. For the study, the researchers examined three different gene variants--MAOA, BDNF, and 5-HTTLPR. They found variants in each of the genes from kids that came from abusive environments.
Nitrous Oxide, more popularly known as laughing gas, could be used to treat depression, according to research conducted at Washington University. The study, published in the journal Biological Psychiatry, tested the hypothesis on 20 people whose depression had not responded to more traditional treatments. Fourteen of 20 saw mild to significant mood improvements.
Eating a low fat diet and losing as little as six pounds could significantly improve the chances of surviving breast cancer, according to a new study from researchers at the Harbor-UCLA Medical Center. For the study the researchers followed 2,400 women ages 48 to 79 who were diagnosed with breast cancer between 1994 and 2001.
Acute gout attacks are twice as likely to happen at night and in the early morning, according to research conducted at Harvard Medical School. The study, published in the journal Arthritis & Rheumatology, included 700 sufferers of gout over a period of one year. During the time, the team recorded 1,500 attacks: 700 occurred between midnight and 7:59 AM.
Infections that are resistant to anti-bacterial drugs will cause 10 million new deaths every year by 2050, warns a report from the Review on Antimicrobial Resistance [AMR]. The study, commissioned by the U.K. government, estimates that the deaths would claim 2-3.5 percent of GDP worldwide. "The research was commissioned to understand the economic cost of AMR . . ."
Chronic lack of sleep and sleep-related breathing problems increase the risk of a child becoming obese by the age of 15, according to research conducted at Yeshiva University. The study, published in the Journal of Pediatrics, surveyed data on 2,000 kids obtained by questioning their parents on their sleep habits over a period of 6.75 years.
A new breast cancer treatment that combines ovarian suppression and an anti-estrogen drug may prove to be a useful recurrence prevention regime for breast cancer, according to research conducted at the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre in Victoria, Australia. The study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, compared different treatments in a population of 3,000 women.