Those who smoke hookahs and other water pipes may inhale toxic levels of benzene with every puff, according to a new study from researchers at the Center for Behavioral Epidemiology and Community Health at San Diego State University. For the study the researchers analyzed the urine of 105 hookah smokers and 103 non-smokers who had been exposed to hookah smoke.
People in unhappy marriages may be more likely to suffer from poor cardiovascular health, according to a new study from researchers at Michigan State University. For the study the researchers reviewed health data from 1,200 married couples who were surveyed as part of the National Social Life, Health and Aging Project.
Carbohydrates may have a greater association with diabetes risk than foods high in saturated fats, according to a new study from researchers at Ohio State University. For the study they tested a group of adults that displayed three of more risk factors for diabetes and/or heart disease. Over the course of 18 weeks the adults started with a diet high in saturated fats and low in carbohydrates.
Those who have attempted suicide in the past may be less likely to make another attempt if they undergo short-term psycho-social counseling, according to a new study from researchers at John Hopkins University. For the study the researchers examined the health records of 65,000 Danish citizens who had attempted suicide between January 1, 1992 and December 31, 2010.
Purdue Pharma LP has won approval from the FDA for its extended release, abuse deterrent hydrocodone painkiller, Hysingla ER. The pill is designed to be difficult to be crushed for snorting and prepared for injection. "While the science of abuse deterrence is still evolving, the development of opioids that are harder to abuse is helpful in addressing the public health crisis . . ."
Too much texting can cause neck wrinkles, also known as "smart phone neck," according to the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. The study, published in the journal Surgical Technology International, found that slumping over the phone to type or read puts extra weight on the spine, leading to degeneration.
Nine out of ten excessive drinkers are not alcohol dependent, according to a new report from the CDC. The government agency defines excessive drinkers as women who consume more than 8 drinks a week and men who consume more than 15 drinks per week. "Contrary to popular opinion, most people who drink too much are not alcohol dependent or alcoholics," said Robert Brewer.
Thirty percent of the world's population is overweight, a number that could expand to 50 percent by 2030, according to a report by the McKinsey Global Institute. The obesity epidemic comes at a high price, add researchers, who estimate it costs the world $2 trillion annually. "Obesity is a major global economic problem caused by a multitude of factors," reads the report.
Aside from being a nuisance, bedbugs may also carry Chagas disease causing parasite trypanosoma cruzi. The parasite is transmitted through the feces of the bug into the bite it makes. Chagas symptoms often don't appear for 20 years after the infection is made. "We've shown that the bedbug can acquire and transmit the parasite."
Those who eat low-calorie diets may be less susceptible to the effects of aging, according to research conducted at New York University. The study was presented at the Society for Neuroscience's annual conference in Washington DC. The research team found that low cal diets impact the genes working associated with aging and brain functions linked to memory.
Consumer Reports says that it found rice products in stores that contain inorganic arsenic. The reporting agency has subsequently advised the FDA to set limits for arsenic in rice and juices. The Consumer Reports Food Safety and Sustainability Center, tested 128 samples of white, basmati, and jasmine rice, finding that brown rice accumulates from the soil 80 percent more arsenic than white rice.
So-called smart baby monitors are not an effective means of prevention against sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), according to an editorial published in the British Medical Journal. David King, who wrote the editorial, says that the new wave of monitoring equipment is old ideas repackaged. "To older paediatricians this may sound familiar."
Over the past decade, the cost of developing a new drug has tripled, now requiring $2.56 billion, according to research conducted at the Tufts Center for the Study of Drug Development. The study based its results on data on the reports of ten drug companies and 106 experimental products. "This is a very high number," Kenneth I. Kaitin, director of the Tufts center, told the Boston Globe.
Thirty percent of those who have diabetes are not aware that they have it, according to research conducted at Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta. The study surveyed data on 30,000 adults, 66.5 percent of whom said that they'd had two or more visits to a health care provider in the past year. "About 80 percent of those people are linked to a health care provider . . ."
Daily low doses of aspirin may not offer significant heart health benefits for the elderly, according to research conducted at the University of Shin-Oyama City Hospital in Tochigi, Japan. The study, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, surveyed data on over 14,000 Japanese people aged 60 to 85.