Athletes who consume sports drinks may be at a high risk of poor oral health, according to research conducted at the University College London. The study, published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine, surveyed data on 39 published studies on the oral health of elite athletes. "Oral health could be an easy win for athletes, as the oral conditions that can affect performance . . ."
Epidurals ought to be administered to laboring women when they ask for them, according to research conducted at Department of Women's Anaesthesia at the KK Women's and Children's Hospital in Singapore. The study, published in the Cochrane Review, surveyed data on 15,752 first time mothers, finding that injections given in the first stage of labor made for no additional birth complications.
The Mediterranean diet, rich in whole grains, fruits, beans, fish and olive oil, may help reverse metabolic syndrome, according to research conducted at the Hospital Universitari de Sant Joan de Reus, in Spain. The study, published in CMAJ, surveyed the effects of the Mediterranean diet on metabolic syndrome, which is characterized by a collection of risk factors for heart disease.
Eating disorders may start in elementary school, according to research conducted at the University of Montreal. The study, presented at a meeting of the Eating Disorders Association of Canada in Vancouver, surveyed data on 215 kids (ages 8-12) with eating problems. The research team found that over 15 percent made themselves vomit from time to time and 52 percent had been hospitalized.
Enjoying calm and positive family meal times can help manage childrens' weight and prevent childhood obesity. Researchers examined recordings of the mealtimes of 120 families with children between the ages of 6 and 12, tracking the length of meals, the type of food served, and the way that family members related to each other during the meal.
A new study has revealed that physical activity may not help teens cope with depression symptoms nor does it stop them from developing depression. Researchers at the University of Cambridge tracked the physical activity of 736 participants with an average age of 14.5 for three years. They found that there was no link between physical activity and a lower incidence of depression symptoms.
A new study has found that a compound in broccoli sprouts may help improve the behavioral symptoms of autism. Researchers examined the effects of giving sulforaphane, a compound found in broccoli sprouts, to a group of 44 boys and men with autism between the ages of 13 and 27. Some received the compound and others a placebo.
The FDA has warned against the use of dietary supplements that claim to prevent and reduce recovery time for concussions. The agency release an official statement on the topic earlier this month stating that there is no evidence to support the products' claims of effectiveness. "We're very concerned that false assurances of faster recovery will convince athletes of all ages . . ."
Certain brain cells called astrocytes help the brain create new neurons after a stroke, according to research conducted at Lund University and Karolinska Istitutet in Sweden. The animal study saw the team induce stroke in mice to observe the behavior of astrocytes. They found that the astrocytes in the injured part of the brain formed immature nerve cells.
The FDA has ruled that there is a lack of evidence to prove that testosterone replacement therapy is effective in treating reduced testosterone levels in aging men. The agency says that use must be more strictly regulated, while ordering further tests on the risk of heart attack and stroke. Over the summer, the FDA required testosterone replacement therapy makers to include a general warning.
Those who drink decaf coffee may enjoy improved liver function, according to a new study from researchers at the U.S. National Cancer Institute. For the study the researchers reviewed health records from 28,000 American adults aged 20 and older who provided details about their coffee consumption. "Our findings link total and decaffeinated coffee intake to lower liver enzyme levels."
On average chain restaurants across the U.S. are cutting calories, according to research conducted at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. The study, published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, surveyed menu items from 66 of the nation's top 100 restaurants in 2012 and 2013. Newer, lower calorie items were found to contain an average of 60 fewer calories.
Obese children are likely to show early signs of heart trouble, according to research conducted at the University of Leipzig Heart Center in Germany. The study, published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, surveyed data collected on 101 kids (aged 9-16). One group was obese, while the other was not. The research team used two-dimensional echocardiograms with ultrasound.
Fiber based laxatives have been linked to a decreased risk of colon cancer, according to research conducted at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle. The study, published in The American Journal of Gastroenterology, surveyed data on more than 75,000 adults aged 50 to 76. "I wouldn't necessarily jump the gun and say because of this study, people should stop taking stimulant . . ."
MSRA, a strain of antibiotic resistant bacterium, is more prevalent in college athletes who participate in contact sports, according to research conducted at Vanderbilt University. The study, presented at IDWeek 2014, surveyed data collected on 377 athletes from 14 different teams at Vanderbilt. The athletes who played contact sports, like soccer and football, were twice as likely to carry MRSA.