Those who have attempted suicide in the past may be less likely to make another attempt if they undergo short-term psycho-social counseling, according to a new study from researchers at John Hopkins University. For the study the researchers examined the health records of 65,000 Danish citizens who had attempted suicide between January 1, 1992 and December 31, 2010.
Thirty percent of the world's population is overweight, a number that could expand to 50 percent by 2030, according to a report by the McKinsey Global Institute. The obesity epidemic comes at a high price, add researchers, who estimate it costs the world $2 trillion annually. "Obesity is a major global economic problem caused by a multitude of factors," reads the report.
So-called smart baby monitors are not an effective means of prevention against sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), according to an editorial published in the British Medical Journal. David King, who wrote the editorial, says that the new wave of monitoring equipment is old ideas repackaged. "To older paediatricians this may sound familiar."
Daily low doses of aspirin may not offer significant heart health benefits for the elderly, according to research conducted at the University of Shin-Oyama City Hospital in Tochigi, Japan. The study, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, surveyed data on over 14,000 Japanese people aged 60 to 85.
Premature birth has now been confirmed as the leading cause of death amongst young children, according to a new study from researchers at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. Death from complications of preterm birth accounted for roughly 1.1 million of the 6.3 million death of children under the age of five in 2013, according to the study.
The bodies of many Americans are polluted with toxic flame retardants, according to research conducted at the University of Antwerp. The study, published in the journal Environmental Science & Technology, tested the urine samples of Californians for biomarkers of six specific toxic flame retardants (phosphates).
Men are at risk to contract the oral human papillomavirus [HPV] if their female partners have oral and/or genital HPV, according to research conducted at McGill University in Montreal. The study, published in the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, surveyed data on 222 men and their female partners. The overall infection rate was seven percent.
Marijuana users may be at an increased risk of suffering from abnormalities in the brain, according to research conducted at the University of Texas at Dallas. The study, published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, used MRI scans to compare the brains of 48 adults who smoked weed three times a day for 10 years, and 62 adults who had no such habit.
Those who are lactose intolerant may be at a decreased risk for certain types of cancer, according to a new study from researchers at Lund University in Sweden. For the study the researchers examined health records from 23,000 lactose intolerant people throughout Sweden as well as records from their family members.
The kissing bug, otherwise known as chagas disease, a parasitic infection, is on the rise in the southern U.S., according to research conducted at the Baylor College of Medicine in Houston. The study looked at 17 blood donors in Texas who tested positive for the disease. "We were surprised to find that 36 percent had evidence of being a locally acquired case."
Mothers are more likely to speak to their children than fathers, according to research conducted at the Women & Infants Hospital in Providence, Rhode Island. The study, published in the journal Pediatrics, surveyed conversations recorded by 33 families. The research team found that babies heard three times more words from moms than dads.
A new study shows that patients with chronic fatigue syndrome have significant brain differences from healthy people. Researchers at Stanford University School of Medicine used three types of scanning technologies to scan the brains of healthy patients and those suffering from chronic fatigue syndrome. The findings are published in the October 28 issue of "Radiology."
Type 1 diabetes is on the rise among white kids in the U.S., according to research conducted at Kaiser Permanente Southern California. The study, published in the journal Diabetes, found nearly 6,000 new cases of diabetes diagnosed in kids (aged 19 and younger) between 2002 and 2009. Most of the increase came in the 5 to 9 age range.
Kids with nagging coughs may have their conditions improved by a placebo, according to research conducted at Texas A&M University. The study, published in JAMA Pediatrics, surveyed data on three groups of 120 kids under the age of four. The first group got no treatment, the second group got a placebo, and the third group was given pasteurized agave nectar.
Peanut allergies in kids has been linked to a gene mutation, according to research conducted at King's College London. The study, published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, hypothesized that a specific skin gene mutation results in infants that are exposed to peanut protein in household dust.