A new study shows that patients with chronic fatigue syndrome have significant brain differences from healthy people. Researchers at Stanford University School of Medicine used three types of scanning technologies to scan the brains of healthy patients and those suffering from chronic fatigue syndrome. The findings are published in the October 28 issue of "Radiology."
Brain injuries in adults 55 and older may result in an increased risk of dementia, according to research conducted at the San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center. The study, published in JAMA Neurology, surveyed data on nearly 52,000 emergency room patients in California from 2005 to 2011. They found that 8.4 percent of those suffering a traumatic brain injury went on to develop dementia.
A compound found in cocoa may help reverse the effects of aging-related memory, according to research conducted at Columbia University Medical Center. The study, published in the journal Nature Neuroscience, gave high doses of a cocoa drink, prepared by Mars, Inc., to study participants in the 50 to 69 age range.
Anti-inflammatory drugs may help ease depressive symptoms along with antidepressants, according to a new study. The study, published online in JAMA Psychiatry, found that the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) could be linked to people having better responses to antidepressants without a higher risk of side effects.
Drugs used to treat Parkinson's disease, known as dopamine receptor agonist drugs, may increase the incidence of compulsive behaviors, according to research conducted at George Washington University. The study, published in JAMA Internal Medicine, reviewed ten years of records from the FDA. The research team looked at data on 2.7 million adverse drug events reported from 2003 to 2012.
A new study has revealed that physical activity may not help teens cope with depression symptoms nor does it stop them from developing depression. Researchers at the University of Cambridge tracked the physical activity of 736 participants with an average age of 14.5 for three years. They found that there was no link between physical activity and a lower incidence of depression symptoms.
A new study has found that a compound in broccoli sprouts may help improve the behavioral symptoms of autism. Researchers examined the effects of giving sulforaphane, a compound found in broccoli sprouts, to a group of 44 boys and men with autism between the ages of 13 and 27. Some received the compound and others a placebo.
The FDA has warned against the use of dietary supplements that claim to prevent and reduce recovery time for concussions. The agency release an official statement on the topic earlier this month stating that there is no evidence to support the products' claims of effectiveness. "We're very concerned that false assurances of faster recovery will convince athletes of all ages . . ."
Certain brain cells called astrocytes help the brain create new neurons after a stroke, according to research conducted at Lund University and Karolinska Istitutet in Sweden. The animal study saw the team induce stroke in mice to observe the behavior of astrocytes. They found that the astrocytes in the injured part of the brain formed immature nerve cells.
Stroke survivors may be at increased risk of stroke for at least five years, according to a new study. Researchers at the University of Toronto's stroke program analyzed the data of 24,000 stroke patients and found that 9.3 percent of them died, had a stroke or heart attack, or were admitted to a long-term care medical unit within the first year.
MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) may be used to find signs of mental decline, according to research conducted at the University Hospitals of Geneva. In the study, published in the journal Radiology, the team used MRI on healthy adults, finding reductions in blood flow to the brain region linked to memory in some.
Many people who are diagnosed with cancer also struggle with depression and anxiety, according to research conducted at the University of Leipzig. The study, published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, based its findings on interviews with over 2,100 Germans (aged 18-75) with cancer. The team found that 32 percent of patients diagnosed with cancer wound up with a psychological disorder.
Neurosis, or feelings of anxiety in middle-aged adults is being linked to an increased risk of Alzheimer's disease in women, according to a new study. The study, published in the journal Neurology, studied 800 women with an average age of 46 and evaluated participants' levels of neuroticism, stress, extraversion and introversion. They did so over 38 years.
Afterschool exercise programs for elementary school children may help increase thinking ability and fitness, according to research conducted at the University of Illinois. The study, published in the journal Pediatrics, collected data on 221 kids (aged 7-9), who participated in a nine-month afterschool exercise program called FITKids.
People taking cholesterol drugs, also known as statins, may be more likely to survive from a stroke than those who don't take the drugs, according to research conducted at Kaiser Permanente. The study, published in JAMA Neurology, surveyed data on 3,481 patients admitted to a Kaiser Permanente hospital over a ten year span.