Exposure to the common plastics' chemical, phthalates, may have a negative impact on the genital development of baby boys, according to research conducted at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York City. The study, published in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives, measured metabolites of five phthalates in the urine of pregnant women during the first trimester.
Health experts warn that a rise in diabetes cases worldwide may result in a rise in tuberculosis. Anthony Harries of the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease told Reuters that his organization is raising the alarm so "that we don't watch history repeat itself with TB-diabetes." Those who have diabetes are at a greater risk to get sick from a latent TB infection.
Over 10 percent of babies born with an infection called cytomegalovirus will suffer permanent hearing loss; yet, screening for the infection is not routine, according to research conducted at the University Hospital Ghent in Belgium. The study, published in the journal pediatrics, found that CMV is the most common non-inherited cause of hearing loss in children.
All travelers who return from the West African countries plagued by the Ebola virus will be tracked by U.S. health officials. The program, which requires affected parties to have their temperature checked twice daily and report to a local public health department, applies to those who return to the country from Liberia, Guinea or Sierra Leone.
A new study shows that black women who undergo in vitro fertilization are only about half as likely to become pregnant as white women. The study, presented at the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) annual meeting in Honolulu, showed that about 31 percent of white patients became pregnant after IVF, compared to about 17 percent of black patients.
When added to chemotherapy for breast cancer treatment, Herceptin (trastuzaumab) has proven to improve survival rates, according to research conducted at he Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville. The study, published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, surveyed data on over 4,000 women with breast cancer, one half got chemo, while the other half got chemo with one year of treatment with Herceptin.
Pregnant women living in areas plagued by high pollution may be more likely to give birth to children with damaged lungs, according to research conducted at the Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology in Barcelona. The study, published in the journal Thorax, surveyed data on 1,295 women at the beginning of their terms. The research team collected data on exposure to air pollution.
Epidurals ought to be administered to laboring women when they ask for them, according to research conducted at Department of Women's Anaesthesia at the KK Women's and Children's Hospital in Singapore. The study, published in the Cochrane Review, surveyed data on 15,752 first time mothers, finding that injections given in the first stage of labor made for no additional birth complications.
Life expectancy in the U.S. reached a record high in 2012, according to research conducted by the CDC. The report found that compared to 2011 to 2012 the life expectancy at birth increased from 78.7 years to 78.8 years. For women, the life expectancy stood at 81.2 years, while men would average a life span of 76.4 years. The 4.8 year difference is the same as that reported in 2011.
Teens who send sexually oriented texts, or sexts, may experience a greater likelihood of engaging in sexual activity, according to research conducted at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston. The study, published in the journal Pediatrics, surveyed data on an ethnically diverse group of adolescent students from Southeast Texas over a six-year period.
A free program that offered birth control to women aged 15 to 19 helped to reduce the teenage pregnancy rate by 79 percent over five years and cut the abortion rate by 77 percent, according to a new study. The study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, featured teens who sought contraceptive services through a clinic and who were told about various types of birth control.
New research shows that those who abuse painkillers are not properly prepared to handle an overdose. The research, published their findings in a recent issue of the International Journal of Drug Policy, showed that most narcotic abusers are unaware of their options. The study featured in-depth interviews among 46 users aged 18 to 32. All were residents of New York City.
Acupuncture may not be effective in treating chronic knee pain, a new study finds. Researchers studied the effects of administering either needle acupuncture, laser acupuncture, and sham laser and compared it to patients receiving no treatment at all for knee pain. They found that, among the 300 study participants, the patients receiving any kind of acupuncture reported the same reduction.
Those with abnormally large tongues may be at a higher risk for developing sleep apnea, according to research conducted at the University of Pennsylvania. The study published in the journal Sleep, collected data on 90 obese adults with sleep apnea and 31 obese adults without the disorder. Obese participants with sleep apnea had significantly greater tongue volumes.
Black mothers who choose to not breastfeed may be at a higher risk of breast cancer than those who do, according to research conducted at Boston University's Slone Epidemiology Center. The study, published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, surveyed data on nearly 3,700 black breast cancer patients.