Past And Ongoing Pandemics

1918 Influenza Pandemic
1918 Influenza Pandemic

The 1918 flu pandemic, sometimes referred to as the “Spanish flu,” is the deadliest pandemic to date.

Caused by the H1N1 type of influenza A virus, the Spanish flu killed an estimated 50 to 100 million people worldwide, including 675,000 people in the United States.

Although the flu pandemic swept the whole world in 1918, it was only in Spain that it received widespread press attention. That created the impression that the flu originated in Spain. Hence the nickname Spanish flu.

Some consider a military base in Kansas, U.S., which recorded the first case of the viral infection on March 11, 1918, to be the origin of the pandemic. However, France, China, and Britain are also considered to be the place of origin of the virus.

India was the worst affected country due to Spanish flu, which reportedly resulted in the death of about 10-20 million people.

No effective vaccines or drugs were available at that time to tackle the pandemic. The 1918 flu pandemic ended in the summer of 1919.