The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) on Thursday demanded a complete, immediate, and unconditional end to all fightings between Sudan and South Sudan, and an end to support by both sides to proxies in the other country.
The UNSC expressed its deep and growing alarm over the escalating conflict between the two neighboring countries, as manifested most recently by the seizure and occupation of the town of Heglig and its oil fields in Sudan by the SPLA.
The recent violence threatens to return both countries to full-scale war and the period of tragic loss of life and suffering, destroyed infrastructure, and economic devastation, which they have worked so hard and long to overcome. The UNSC also called for end to aerial bombings by Sudan Air Force and repeated incidents of cross-border violence
A statement by the Council President said it affirmed its strong commitment to the sovereignty and territorial integrity of both Sudan and South Sudan. It recalled the importance of the principles of good neighborliness, non-interference and regional cooperation.
The UNSC demanded that both sides redeploy their forces ten kilometers outside the North/South 1/1/1956 borderline in accordance with their agreements of June 29 and July 30, 2011. It urged Sudan and South Sudan to take immediate steps to establish a Safe Demilitarized Border Zone and activate the Joint Border Verification and Monitoring Mechanism, and reiterated its readiness to continue to support the parties in implementing this agreement with the support of UNISFA.
The Council called on both the countries to respect the letter and spirit of the Memorandum of Understanding on non-aggression and cooperation they signed on February 10.
It reiterated its demand that Sudan and South Sudan urgently redeploy their security forces immediately from the Abyei Area.
The U.N. body called upon the governments of the two countries to urgently and peacefully resolve the fundamental issues of security and border management, the situations in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile, and Abyei and all outstanding CPA issues that are fueling the mistrust between the them. It further called on the leaders of Sudan and South Sudan to meet immediately in a summit as previously planned in order to advance the issues that stand in the way of achieving lasting peace.
The Council is awaiting a briefing from the AUHIP and Special Envoy Menkerios on Sudan and South Sudan in the coming days.
by RTT Staff Writer
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